Kapıcıbaşı, head of ceremonies in the Sultan's palace.
[DALVIMART, Octavien]. The Costume of Turkey, Illustrated by a Series of Engravings; with Description in English and French, London, Howlett and Brimmer for William Miller, MDCCCIV [=1804].
State and military institutions - Diplomatic relations
The Gennadius Library - The American School of Classical Studies at Athens