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Egypt has an important place in texts already in the earliest period of printed travel accounts. Several subjects related to the area enriched travellers' chronicles with illustrations. First, the pilgrimage to the Holy Land meant that ships from Western Europe set anchor in both of Egypt's main ports on the mouth of the Nile.

The pilgrimage to the Sinai peninsula, with its important monastery, also meant crossing the country and staying in Egypt for a length of time. Monasteries, pilgrim sites, holy places and locations connected to the Bible began to be represented in engravings, besides being described in the texts.  

In addition, Egypt's rare and hitherto unknown fauna and, to a lesser extent, flora, are depicted in plates from the 16th century onwards. The diverse ethnicities and their dress as well as scenes from everyday life occupy a place in the interests of authors and reading public. 

However, in the late 17th century the European public became more and more interested in Egyptian antiquities. This interest was fuelled in the mid-18th century thanks to splendid editions with a plethora of pictures from Egypt, and finally reached a peak at the end of that centrury, due to political and military conflict between European and Ottoman powers.

In the 18th but mainly the 19th century archaeological expedition reached almost to the sources of the Nile. Everything Egyptian, from the monumental Pyramids to the tiniest archaeological finding had a place in travel Albums.

Alexandria, in the first place, as a port, commercial nexus and splendid hellenistic and Roman city, and gradually exotic Cairo, with its unique world, mysterious and strange to Europeans, provided a wealth of special and singular illustrations.

1493 Schedel, H.

1502 Breydenbach, Ber. von

1554 Belon, P.

1556 Thevet, An.

1598 /1859 Vecellio, C.

1600 Bianco Noe

1608 Schweigger, S.

1612  Breuning von Buchenbach, H.J.

1615 Sandys, G.

1615  Beauvau, H. de

1619 Cootwijck, J. Van

1649 Somer, J.

1661 Somer, J.

1665-66 Monconys B. de

1686 Peeters, J.

1690 Peeters, J.

1707 Fanelli, Fr.

1712 Lucas, P.

1714 Bruyn, C. de

1717, Moll, H.

1720 Lucas P.

1727 Thevenot, J.

1727 La Mottraye, A. de

1743 Perry, Ch.

1743 - 45 Pococke, R.

1751-52 Dalton, R.

1752 Thompson, Ch.

1770 Le Roy, J.D.

1771 Seller, J.

1780 Probst, G. B.

1787 Binos, Abbé de

1799 Sonini de Manoncourt, Ch.N.S.

1801 Olivier, G.An.

1803 Wittman, W.

1804 Dalvimart, Oc.

1804 Roux, J.

1810 Mayer, L.

1812 Castellan, A.L.

1813 - 14 Clarke, Ed.D.

1818 Light, H.

1820 Walpole, R.

1822 Black W.

1825 Dupré, L.

1827  Deval, Ch.

1827 Eyriès, J.B.B.

1829-32, 1833-35 Peytier, Eug.

1833-34 Le Blanc, T.

1835 Pouqueville, Fr.-Ch.-H.-L.

1836 - 38 Carne, J.

1839 Marmont, A.-Fr. Viesse de (Duc de Raguse)

1841 Burr A.M.

1843  Allan, J.H.

1843 Goupil-Fesquet, Fr.An.

1848  Estourmel, J. d’(Comte)

1866 Bedford Fr.

1867 Rey, Et.

1869 Busch. M.

1870 Ainsworth, W.Fr.

1897 Curzon, R. (Baron Zouche)

Piraeus and Ports

Written by Ioli Vingopoulou