Observatory from which the Tatars of Kuban watched the movements of their Kirkassian neighbours. According to the author, in summer a fire was lit in these nests to keep the mosquitoes away.
Manner in which the Tscernomorski Guard and Sentinels are stationed along the banks of the Kuban to reconnoitre the movement of the Circassians, their Huts being filled with Smoke in the greatest heat of Summer to keep out the Musquitoes.
CLARKE, Edward Daniel. Travels in various countries of Europe, Asia and Africa by Edward Daniel Clarke LL.D. Part the First. Russia Tatary and Turkey, London, Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1810.
Social sphere and everyday life
State and military institutions - Diplomatic relations
The Gennadius Library - The American School of Classical Studies at Athens